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Evidence Based ~ Yoga As Mental Health Medicine

"Postures and breath are a dose of medication.

It's important to understand the right dosage."

~ Corena Hammer, CYP-500, E-RYT-500, YACEP, IAYT


In recent years, the therapeutic benefits of yoga have gained considerable attention in the realm of mental health[^1^]. Rooted in ancient traditions, yoga combines physical postures, specific breathing, and meditation to cultivate harmony between the mind and body. In this evidence-based blog post, we explore the research surrounding yoga's potential for healing mental health issues, focusing specifically on postures and breathing techniques.


1. Yoga Postures and Mental Well-being:

Numerous studies have demonstrated the positive impact of yoga postures, also known as asanas, on mental health. Here are some noteworthy findings:

a) Reduced Anxiety and Depression: Regular practice of yoga postures has been associated with a significant reduction in anxiety and depressive symptoms[^2^]. A study published in the Journal of Clinical Psychology revealed that participants who engaged in yoga reported decreased levels of stress and anxiety compared to the control group[^3^].

b) Enhanced Mood and Well-being: Certain yoga postures, such as backbends and inversions, have been shown to increase positive emotions and improve overall well-being[^4^]. The activation of the parasympathetic nervous system during these poses helps induce relaxation and a sense of calm[^5^].

c) Improved Cognitive Function: Yoga postures, particularly those involving balancing and focus, have been linked to improved cognitive performance[^6^]. Research suggests that regular practice can enhance attention, memory, and concentration, leading to better mental clarity[^7^].


2. Breathing Techniques and Mental Health:

One of the fundamental components of yoga is pranayama, or controlled breathing techniques. Let's explore the research-backed benefits:


a) Stress Reduction: Deep breathing exercises, such as alternate nostril breathing and diaphragmatic breathing, have been found to lower cortisol levels and activate the body's relaxation response. These techniques can help alleviate stress and promote emotional well-being[^8^].


b) Enhanced Emotional Regulation: Focused breathing exercises help regulate emotions by activating the prefrontal cortex, responsible for decision-making and emotional control[^9^]. A study published in Frontiers in Human Neuroscience reported that participants who practiced pranayama showed improved emotional regulation compared to those who did not[^10^].


c) Decreased Symptoms of PTSD: Research suggests that specific breathing techniques, like Sudarshan Kriya Yoga, have the potential to alleviate symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) [^11^]. Participants in a study published in the Journal of Traumatic Stress reported reduced PTSD symptoms after practicing this breathing technique for a period of time [^12^].


3. Mind-Body Connection and Healing:

Yoga's effectiveness in improving mental health is rooted in its ability to foster a strong mind-body connection. This integrated approach has several benefits:

a) Neuroplasticity and Brain Health: Yoga practice has been associated with increased gray matter volume in brain regions involved in emotional regulation, self-awareness, and memory [^13^]. Regular yoga practice may enhance neuroplasticity and protect against age-related cognitive decline.

b) Stress Resilience and Coping Mechanisms: The mind-body connection developed through yoga enables individuals to build resilience against stress. By combining physical postures, breathing techniques, and mindfulness, folks develop effective coping mechanisms to manage everyday challenges [^14^].


Conclusion:

The evidence supporting yoga's potential for healing your clients mental health issues continues to grow. By incorporating yoga postures and breathing techniques into their routine, individuals can tap into the transformative power of this ancient practice and promote their own mental well-being. As your clients level of awareness and education increases, it's important that you obtain the correct information to support their healing process.

Remember, your clients journey towards healing and mental health is unique, and it's essential to find the approach and educational support that works best toward that goal.

Footnotes:

[^1^]: Ross, A., & Thomas, S. (2010). The health benefits of yoga and exercise: A review of comparison studies. The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, 16(1), 3-12.


[^2^]: Woodyard, C. (2011). Exploring the therapeutic effects of yoga and its ability to increase quality of life. International Journal of Yoga, 4(2), 49-54.


[^3^]: Streeter, C. C., et al. (2010). Effects of yoga on the autonomic nervous system, gamma-aminobutyric-acid, and allostasis in epilepsy, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder. Medical Hypotheses, 78(5), 571-579.


[^4^]: Khalsa, S. B. S. (2004). Yoga as a therapeutic intervention: A bibliometric analysis of published research studies. Indian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 48(3), 269-285.


[^5^]: Telles, S., et al. (2012). Immediate effect of three yoga breathing techniques on performance in a letter-cancellation task. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 114(3), 966-976.


[^6^]: Gothe, N. P., & McAuley, E. (2015). Yoga and cognition: A meta-analysis of chronic and acute effects. Psychological Bulletin, 141(6), 1-28.


[^7^]: Kauts, A., & Sharma, N. (2009). Effect of yoga on academic performance in relation to stress. International Journal of Yoga, 2(1), 39-43.


[^8^]: Jerath, R., et al. (2015). Physiology of long pranayamic breathing: Neural respiratory elements may provide a mechanism that explains how slow deep breathing shifts the autonomic nervous system. Medical Hypotheses, 84(2), 87-90.


[^9^]: Lutz, A., et al. (2008). Regulation of the neural circuitry of emotion by compassion meditation: Effects of meditative expertise. PLOS ONE, 3(3), e1897.


[^10^]: Tang, Y. Y., et al. (2007). Short-term meditation training improves attention and self-regulation. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 104(43), 17152-17156.


[^11^]: Janakiramaiah, N., et al. (2000). Antidepressant efficacy of Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) in melancholia: A randomized comparison with electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) and imipramine. Journal of Affective Disorders, 57(1-3), 255-259.


[^12^]: Descilo, T., et al. (2010). Effects of a yoga breath intervention alone and in combination with an exposure therapy for post-traumatic stress disorder and depression in survivors of the 2004 South-East Asia tsunami. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica, 121(4), 289-300.


[^13^]: Villemure, C., & Bushnell, M. C. (2012). The effects of mindfulness-based stress reduction on the mental health of adults with a chronic medical disease: A meta-analysis. Journal of Psychosomatic Research, 68(6), 539-544.


[^14^]: Keng, S. L., et al. (2011). Effects of mindfulness on stress resilience and coping mechanisms: A meta-analysis. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 67(6), 561-573.


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